The federal government has allocated funding to update the Sustainability Survey for Fisheries each year. It has also committed new resources to science and fisheries management. As a result, Oceana Canada expects that Canadians will have an increasingly clear picture in the coming years of how Canada is managing our fisheries and how healthy our fish stocks really are.
* Hutchings, J.A., Côté, I.M., Dodson, J.J., Fleming, I.A., Jennings, S., Mantua, N.J., Peterman, R.M., Riddell, B.E., Weaver, A.J. and VanderZwaag, D.L. 2012. Sustaining Canadian marine biodiversity: responding to the challenges posed by climate change, fisheries, and aquaculture. Expert panel report prepared for the Royal Society of Canada, Ottawa.
Oceana Canada pooled those two data sets, eliminated overlap and searched for newly available data to arrive at a more complete picture of the state of Canada’s fisheries. This current assessment is based on data from 194 stocks, representing all major Canadian marine fisheries.
Lower Reference Point:
Upper Reference Point:
Yelloweye rockfish (outside waters population)
Boccaccio rockfish (B.C. waters)
Yelloweye rockfish (inside waters population)
Pink shrimp (SMA18-19)
Atlantic mackerel (Sub area 3 and 4)^
Atlantic cod (3Pn, 4RS)
Deepwater redfish (Unit 1 and 2)*
White hake (4RS)
Atlantic herring (4T, spring spawners)
Yellowtail flounder (4T)
Winter skate (4T)
White hake (4T)
American plaice (4T)
Atlantic cod (4TVn)
Witch flounder (4RST)
Atlantic cod (4X5Y)
Atlantic cod (5Zjm)†
White hake (4VW)
Acadian redfish (Unit 1 and 2)*
Atlantic cod (2J3KL)
American plaice (3LNO)†
American plaice (3Ps)
Deepwater redfish (2+3K)
Acadian redfish (2+3K)
Atlantic cod (3NO)†
American plaice (23K)
Complete the rebuilding plans for the five stocks it has publicly committed to: Northern cod, yelloweye rockfish (inside waters population), southwest Nova Scotia cod and redfish units 1 and 2.
Develop and release timelines and priorities for completing rebuilding plans for all stocks in the critical zone.
Embed the duty to rebuild Canada’s fish populations in the Fisheries Act.
Complete and implement a national catch monitoring policy, making it mandatory for all commercial fisheries to have sufficient monitoring to ensure accurate estimates of all retained and discarded catches.
Establish and release timelines and priorities for completing and sharing Integrated Fisheries Management Plans.
Establish and release timelines and priorities for developing reference points, ensuring there is both an upper and a lower reference point for every stock.
Continue to invest resources in conducting timely stock assessments using the best available information, including fishing mortality estimates from all sources.
Canada has the longest coastline in the world, with an ocean surface area of 7.1 million square kilometres, or 70 per cent of its landmass. Oceana Canada believes that Canada has a national and global obligation to manage our natural resources responsibly and help ensure a sustainable source of protein for the world’s growing population.
Oceana Canada works with civil society, academics, fishers, Indigenous Peoples and the federal government to return Canada’s formerly vibrant oceans to health and abundance. By restoring Canada’s oceans, we can strengthen our communities, reap greater economic and nutritional benefits, and protect our future.