THE SITUATION

Most of Canada’s commercial fish stocks are in trouble. Since 1970, an estimated 52 per cent of their biomass has disappeared. The government’s reinvestment in fisheries science and commitment to transparency have not yet resulted in measurable changes in fisheries management needed to reverse the decline of our fish populations.

UNHEALTHY FISHERIES

DATA
GAPS

MISSED COMMITMENTS

Save the oceans and feed the world

Members of the Central Coast First Nations and Oceana Senior Advisor, Alexandra Cousteau, share why rebuilding depleted fish populations is important for communities.

THE PROOF IS IN
THE NUMBERS

The state of Canada’s marine fish and invertebrate stocks continues to be a serious concern, with only one-third that can be confidently considered healthy.

* per cent indicated of maximum sustainable yield or equivalent proxy

MONITORING

STOCKS WITH SOME LEVEL OF CATCH MONITORING

AT-SEA OR ELECTRONIC MONITORING

71.6%

Logbook MONITORING

83%

Dockside MONITORING

75.8%

SCIENCE

STOCKS WITH REFERENCE POINTS ESTABLISHED

Limit Reference Points

59.8%

Upper STOCK REFERENCES

45.9%

SCIENCE

STOCKS WITH FISHING MORTALITY ESTIMATES

Fishing Mortality

18%

NATURAL MORTALITY ESTIMATES

8.8%

SCIENCE

STOCKS WITH SUFFICIENT DATA TO ASSESS THEIR HEALTH STATUS

SCIENCE

STOCKS WITH RECENT BIOMASS ESTIMATES:

SCIENCE

SCIENCE PUBLICATIONS RELEASED ON TIME

9.2%

SCIENCE

STOCKS INCLUDED IN INTEGRATED FISHERIES MANAGEMENT PLANS

MANAGEMENT

DFO WORK PLAN DELIVERABLES COMPLETED

25%

MANAGEMENT

CRITICAL STOCKS WITH REBUILDING PLANS IN PLACE

SCIENCE

Assesses Canada’s progress in improving fish stock health

MONITORING

Determines how many fish are removed and if harvesters are obeying the rules

MANAGEMENT

Helps maintain and restore fish stocks to a healthy level of abundance

REBUILDING CANADA’S
MOST DANGEROUSLY
DEPLETED STOCKS

Only three of Canada’s 26 critical zone stocks have published rebuilding plans in place. All three fail to meet the recommended content based on global best practices. Nearly all the critical stocks are found in Atlantic Canada — home to the greatest abundance and value of Canada’s fisheries.

  • Pacific region

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  • National capital region

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  • Quebec region

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  • Gulf region

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  • Maritimes region

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  • Newfoundland region

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  • PLAN IN PLACE
  • COMMITMENT TO DEVELOP PLAN
  • NO PLAN

WE CAN DO BETTER
HERE’S HOW

By fully implementing its commitments and policies for sustainable management, Fisheries and Oceans Canada can set Canada’s fisheries on the path to abundance, ensuring they support coastal economies and cultures, and provide a vital source of protein for future generations.

To address the issues identified in this report, Oceana Canada has developed the following recommendations for action in the next year.

SCIENCE

MONITORING

MANAGEMENT

Supplementary report materials including methodology and full scientific analysis

OCEANA CANADA:

SAVING THE OCEANS TO FEED THE WORLD

Oceana Canada was established as an independent charity in 2015 and is part of the largest international advocacy group dedicated solely to ocean conservation.

oceana.ca