“Canada’s efforts to sustain healthy oceans are harmed by how much decision-making discretion the Fisheries Minister has. Curtailing this would increase accountability and transparency, strengthen links between science and policy and limit government’s ability to make decisions that hinder fisheries sustainability — such as setting fishing quotas when stocks are depleted."
“Forage fish such as capelin form the foundation of healthy ocean ecosystems as an important food source to many marine mammals, such as whales and seabirds, and larger fish, like cod. They are more valuable in the water than the net, so the Government of Canada must take extraordinary measures now to prevent overfishing.”
§ The biomass level that supports MSY is often defined as 50 per cent of the unexploited biomass approximating the carrying capacity of a population. Source: D. Pauly and R. Froese (2021). “MSY needs no epitaph—but it was abused.” ICES Journal of Marine Science, 78(6), 2204–2210.