‡ Jeffrey A. Hutchings, George A. Rose and Peter A. Shelton (2021). “The Flawed New Plan to Rebuild Canada’s Iconic Northern Cod.” Policy Options, March 22, 2021. https://policyoptions.irpp.org/magazines/march-2021/the-flawed-new-plan-to-rebuild-canadas-iconic-northern-cod/
* These stocks are co-managed with other jurisdictions.
† These stocks do not have rebuilding plans compliant with DFO's Precautionary Approach but do have interim rebuilding strategies developed by the North Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO).
^ Rebuilding plan development for these stocks are being led by management in Ottawa.
++ Atlantic herring in 4VWX was included in a rebuilding plan in 2013/14 to rebuild the largest spawning component from the cautious to healthy zone, but the plan requires updating